AskDefine | Define limnology

Dictionary Definition

limnology n : the scientific study of bodies of fresh water for their biological and physical and geological properties

User Contributed Dictionary



  1. The science concerning the biological, physical and geological properties of fresh water bodies, especially lakes and ponds

Extensive Definition

Limnology (from Greek: Λίμνη limne, "lake"; and λόγος, logos, "knowledge") is the division of hydrology that studies inland waters (running and standing waters, both fresh and saline), including their biological, physical, chemical, geological and hydrological aspects. This includes the study of (natural and man-made) lakes and ponds, rivers and streams, wetlands and groundwaters.
Traditionally, limnology is closely related to hydrobiology, which is concerned with the application of physics, chemistry, geology, and geography to ecological problems.


The term limnology was coined by François-Alphonse Forel (1841-1912) who established the field with his studies of Lake Geneva. Interest in the discipline rapidly expanded, and in 1922 August Thienemann (a German zoologist) and Einar Naumann (a Swedish botanist) co-founded the International Society of Limnology (SIL, for originally Societas Internationalis Limnologiae). Forel's original definition of limnology, "the oceanography of lakes", was expanded to encompass the study of all inland waters.
Prominent early American limnologists included G. Evelyn Hutchinson, Ed Deevey, E. A. Birge, and C. Juday.



Other important reference works

limnology in Bosnian: Limnologija
limnology in Bulgarian: Лимнология
limnology in Czech: Limnologie
limnology in German: Limnologie
limnology in Estonian: Limnoloogia
limnology in Spanish: Limnología
limnology in Basque: Limnologia
limnology in French: Limnologie
limnology in Croatian: Limnologija
limnology in Indonesian: Limnologi
limnology in Icelandic: Vatnalíffræði
limnology in Italian: Limnologia
limnology in Hebrew: לימנולוגיה
limnology in Latvian: Limnoloģija
limnology in Macedonian: Лимнологија
limnology in Malay (macrolanguage): Limnologi
limnology in Dutch: Limnologie
limnology in Japanese: 陸水学
limnology in Norwegian: Limnologi
limnology in Norwegian Nynorsk: Limnologi
limnology in Polish: Limnologia
limnology in Portuguese: Limnologia
limnology in Romanian: Limnologie
limnology in Russian: Лимнология
limnology in Simple English: Limnology
limnology in Slovak: Limnológia
limnology in Serbian: Лимнологија
limnology in Serbo-Croatian: Limnologija
limnology in Finnish: Limnologia
limnology in Swedish: Limnologi
limnology in Thai: ชลธารวิทยา
limnology in Turkish: Limnoloji
limnology in Ukrainian: Лімнологія
limnology in Chinese: 湖沼學
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